ACM Computing Surveys, 19 (4), 329-358.
HCIL-87-02, CS-TR-1449, CAR-TR-94
This paper reviews empirical studies concerning the readability
of information from computer screens. The review focuses on the form and
physical attributes of complex, realistic displays of text material.
Studies comparing paper and computer screen readability show that screens
are less readable than paper. There are many potential factors that could
lead to improvements in screen readability. Those explored in this review
are size, width, design, and case of characters on the computer screen, the
formatting of the screen, and the effects of color. In addition, a brief
discussion of physiological and physical influences on readability and
workstation design was included. Conclusions based on the empirical findings
are offered to the designer for improving screen readability. Numerous areas
for future research are pinpointed.